“Autonomy support in toddlerhood: Similarities and contrasts between mothers and fathers”: Correction to Hughes, Lindberg, and Devine (2018).

Reports an error in “Autonomy support in toddlerhood: Similarities and contrasts between mothers and fathers” by Claire Hughes, Anja Lindberg and Rory T. Devine (Journal of Family Psychology, 2018[Oct], Vol 32[7], 915-925). In the article, the work was originally published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License in which the authors were identified as retaining copyright. However, this designation was subsequently changed. Thus, the copyright line was amended, and a watermark was added, to identify the American Psychological Association as the copyright holder, and the Creative Commons attribution was removed from the author note. The online version of this article has been corrected. (The following abstract of the original article appeared in record 2018-53904-001.) Infant exploration often hinges on parental autonomy support (i.e., parental behaviors that support children’s goals, interests, and choices), a construct that is widely applied in family studies of school-age children and adolescents but less studied in infants and toddlers. Notable gaps concern the equivalence, similarities, and contrasts between mothers’ and fathers’ autonomy support and the correlates of individual differences in autonomy support. To address these underresearched topics, we conducted parallel home-based structured play observations of 195 infants (Mage = 14.42 months, SD = .59) in dyadic interaction with mothers and fathers. Confirmatory factor analyses demonstrated measurement invariance across parent gender, enabling comparisons that revealed significantly moderately higher levels of autonomy support in mothers than in fathers. Individual differences in autonomy support were unrelated to either parental personality or child temperament, highlighting the potential importance of dyadic characteristics. Consistent with this view, whereas maternal autonomy support did not differ by child gender, fathers with sons displayed less autonomy support than did fathers with daughters. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2019 APA, all rights reserved)