The retrosplenial cortical role in encoding behaviorally significant cues.

The retrosplenial cortex (RSC) has recently begun to gain widespread interest because of its anatomical connectivity with other well-known memory structures, such as the hippocampus and anterior thalamus, and its role in spatial, contextual, and episodic memory. Although much of the current work on the RSC is focused on spatial cognition, there is also an extensive literature that shows that the RSC plays a critical role in a variety of conditioning tasks that have no obvious spatial component. Many of these studies suggest that the RSC is involved in identifying and encoding behaviorally significant cues, particularly those cues that predict reinforcement or the need for a behavioral response. Consistent with this idea, recent studies have shown that RSC neurons also encode cues in spatial navigation tasks. In this article, we review these findings and suggest that the encoding of cues is an important component of the RSC contribution to many forms of learning. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2018 APA, all rights reserved)